Dysgraphia – What it is and How Affect Your Life

Dysgraphia refers to a disability in learning in which writing is affected and requires an intricate set of information and motor processing skills. Dysgraphia causes the activity of writing to be hard. It can result in difficulties with poor handwriting, spelling as well as putting down thoughts on paper. People suffering from dysgraphia may experience difficulty in organizing numbers, letters or words on a page or line. This can be partly caused by:

  • Difficulty in process what is seen by the eyes (visual-spatial difficulties)
  • Difficulty in language processing; this means that one has difficult in making sense or processing what is heard in the ears

As with other learning disabilities, dysgraphia is a lifelong condition, even though its’ manifestation can change with time. Specific accommodations offered in learning environments can be of benefit to students who are suffering from this condition.

Dysgraphia Explained

How Does Dysgraphia Affect a Person?

A person with dysgraphia may experience problems i.e. poor spelling, spatial planning that is poor on paper, inconsistent spacing and illegible handwriting.

Signs and Symptoms of Dysgraphia

  • Has unfinished letters or words, omitted words
  • Shows inconsistencies; mixes lower and upper case, cursive and print, or irregular slant, shapes or sizes of letters
  • May have cursive and printing writing that is illegible (even in cases where appropriate attention and time is given to the task)
  • Spacing between letters and words isn’t consistent
  • Exhibits strange paper, body and wrist position
  • Has trouble pre-visualizing the formation of letters
  • Writing or copying is labored or slow
  • Displays spatial planning that is poor on paper
  • Has unusual or cramped grip/ complains of sore hands
  • Has great trouble writing and thinking at the same time (creative writing, taking notes)

School-Age Children With Dysgraphia Have Trouble With:

  • Reading out loud when writing
  • Illegible handwriting
  • Mixture print and cursive writing
  • Difficulty deciding on the words to write
  • Incomplete or omitted words in sentences

Adults and Teenagers Have Trouble With:

  • Trouble putting down the thoughts on paper
  • Difficulty with grammar and syntax structure
  • Trouble remembering thoughts that have already been laid down
  • Huge gap between ideas written

Strategies to Correct Dysgraphia

  • Try using the word processor
  • Do not punish the student for careless, sloppy work
  • Make use of oral exams
  • Allow the student to use tape recorders in lectures
  • Allow the student to use note takers
  • Reduce work that has copying aspects (math problems that are pre-printed)
  • Allow the student to make use of graph paper and wide ruled paper
  • Make use of writing aids that are specially deigned

Summary

There are very many ways in which people who have dysgraphia can be assisted to achieve their greatest potential. What’s important is give the person encouragement and help them in engaging in alternatives that do not engage in writing. This is the easiest way for them to improve on their learning abilities. Remember to be positive and patient and to always give praise for any achievement; becoming a perfect writer needs time and practice.